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Factfulness Summary

Factfulness Summary

A professor of International Health Hans Rosling along with two colleagues Anna and Ola wrote the New York Times best-selling book Factfulness.

Simple Short Summary: Factfulness is the book that changes the way you see the world because people think that the world is getting worse, but the truth is, the world becomes much better than before. You don’t need to face severe health conditions or climate conditions because now you have better education and health care facilities, and with these facilities, the life span increased compared to our ancestors.

Factfulness Summary

(Reading time: 4 minutes)

In this book Factfulness, you’ll learn three lessons:

Lesson: A – Your instinct leading you to comprehending the world in a completely different way

Lesson: B – Distinct prospective and different passage helps you to solve problem

Lesson: C – Relying on vibrant facts helps you in avoid making reckless decision

Lesson: A – Your instinct leading you to comprehending the world in a completely different way

The first mega misconception is that the world’s population will keep growing, but the fact is that we’re close enough to reach the pinnacle. Let’s understand this with the example of your height. In childhood, you measured your height in a straight vertical line.

As it grows up, you feel it’ll continue to grow but suddenly at some point, it stopped. Likewise, the world’s population will continue to go up and at some point, it’ll also stop.

However, a hundred years ago, the poverty rate and the death rate were high. Therefore, an average mother would brought more kids into the world so that the kid could help her with the chore and farming work.

This situation, however, has been changed now because of reducing poverty and improving education.

As poverty shrinks, the people will have fewer kids.

UN forecaster who inspects population expansion tells us that the world’s population will become flatten between 2060 to 2100. It also predicts that the world population will reach approximately 11 billion by the 2060s.

Thus, you don’t need to worry about population growth. However, your fear and size impulse still cause you to worry.

Fear instinct will warn you about the danger and protect you. Our ancestors develop this instinct to save themselves from extreme climate conditions and wild animals. But immediate threats are no longer the case now, and it’s time to remove the fear of a threat.

Your size instinct will magnify the fear created by fear instinct. For example, nowadays, you pay more attention to news broadcasts than before.

You think crimes are increasing, and your fear instinct tells you to be aware of this. However, looking at the number, you’ll realize that the crime rates are actually decreasing. In the United States, from 1990 to 2016 the crime rates have been fallen from 14.5 million to 9.5 million.

READ: The Art of Happiness Summary

Lesson: B – Distinct prospective and different passage helps you to solve problem

If you observed South Korea in the 1970s, you had noticed that a nation was developing from low–income to middle-wage nation. All this happens under military guidance. It challenges the view that a nation can transform and head towards a robust economy with a fully democratize government.

Furthermore, when you view the top ten developing economies in 2016, you’ll become amazed because nine of them aren’t fully democratic. This static shows you that you need to change your view that only representative government can advance the economic growth rate.

Now, the world becomes complicated. So, you’ve to get diverse perspectives to make the right choice.

For instance, pharmaceutical industries usually don’t search solutions for malaria that only affects the poor community. Instinctively, you’ll blame the company CEO.

However, thinking from multiple perspectives, you’ll realize the CEO is the one who is listening to the members of the board while board members are listening to the shareholders.

The next example is the refugee crisis in Europe. European government noticed the refugees floating dead bodies on its shore because the boats in which refugees traveled were deformed.

For this disaster, many began to blame traffickers. But viewing the situation from a different perspective, you’ll find out the cause of the problem.

European law permitted a refugee to travel without an ID or visa. Besides, the law granted permission to European authorities to seize up the boats engaged in refugee transportation. Thus, no traffickers are able to use good sailboats.

Solving refugees traveling trouble or pharmaceutical companies’ complications require careful consideration. Figuring out complex problems need to view the world based on fact, taking multiple perspectives into account, and analyzing every possible outcome before reaching the final decisions.

Otherwise, limited perspective becomes a barrier in solving problems.

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Lesson: C – Relying on vibrant facts helps you in avoid making reckless decision

Another mega misconception impulse you’ve is the urgency impulse which often leads you to make bad decisions. Thus, you must depend on facts and process every result before reaching the final decision.

Facts always tell the truth about the present scenario and even predict the future result. Hence, you should look through the fact in business, journalism, and education.

Journalists, nowadays, use fear to compel people to take action. Journalists, in this world, care more about attracting readers, which often lead them in capturing news that is full of drama.

For example, the climate crisis is essential to talk about fruitfully, but many share the worst-case scenario. Hence, you view the world as a dangerous place full of poverty, crime rate, and natural disaster.

With time, people will understand fabricated talk and feel deceive which reduces the credibility of climate change activists.  People hope that journalists will bring honest and transparent material to them while reporting.

Additionally, you, however, shouldn’t bank on any one channel for information. Instead, you must take knowledge from multiple channels to get a distinct perspective. Note that, for better understanding, different perspectives are the key.

Favorite Quote From The Book:

Favorite quote from the book factfulness

Factfulness Review

Many see the world as a dangerous place now. However, the author of Factfulness, Hans shows that progress is making across the globe in child mortality, disease death, gender equality, healthcare, literacy level, and per capita income.

He suggests that if you measure human development, you’ll find out the world is far better now than a decade or even centuries ago. But, you believe what you hear in news channels and read in the newspaper without doing a reality check.

You have to open your eyes to view the changes that are taking place which make the world a better place. Thus, the world is getting better, and Hans backs it up with data and statics.

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